Kampong Cham Location Profile

Kampong Cham Location Profile


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Kampong Cham means "Port of the Chams" in Khmer. Kampong means port, harbor. Cham refers to the ethnic Cham people living in the province. A symbol the province is known for is two snakes wrapped around each other, which located at the capital city bridge, Kampong Cham.

Kampong Cham province is located in south-eastern Cambodia and is part of the lower Plains of the Mekong River, this Southeast Asia's mother river, which runs through the province. Kampong Cham is also 124 kilometres away from Phnom Penh. Kampong Cham can be reached by boat or highway. It's about a two-hour drive from Phnom Penh to Kampong Cham, and about two and a half hours by boat.

Kampong Cham has long been known as the agricultural centre of Cambodia. Over the years, agri-business has driven our local economy and enabled Kampong Cham to prosper economically and socially. Agri-business has also provided the foundation for further economic development and investment opportunities.

Kampong Cham is also the second most populous province in the country. It has a town called Kampong Cham. Kampong Cham is a charming little town with around 60’000 habitants. There is not much traffic, way less motorbikes and tuk tuks which makes it overall a quieter place. Also, the people seem more relaxed and friendlier. It stands out for its colourful painted colonial buildings, its nearby Koh Pen island and some ancient temples.

Key Information

Historically, the territory of Kampong Cham was an island for ships and sailors waiting each other only. Later, people gathered to settle here and established a major waterway trade center at that time. Kompong Cham has also split into another province, Tbong Khmum, the western part of the Mekong River, is cut to Kompong Cham and the eastern part of the Mekong River is cut into Tbong Khmum.

Kampong cham is also a place full of historical sites, Wat Nokor temple was built in the 11th century reflects the glory of the kingdom of Cambodia and the local people to the attention of the Buddhism. The 11th century is the glory days of Cambodia civilization, at the time of emperor belief in Buddhism, and ordered the construction of numerous temples in the country for the royal visit, but subsequent by Thailand invasion of Cambodia, temples were destroyed during the war. Wat Nokor temple is one of few remaining sites, it is not hard to find many still clearly visible stone carvings in the site.  Tourists can get to know the whole city in stone carving and the glory of the past. In 2001, the first Bridge over the Mekong River was built in Kompong Cham with the support of the Japanese government. It was named "Kizuna Bridge", which not only connected the traffic on both sides of the Mekong River, but also connected the friendship between Japan and Cambodia, which was of far-reaching significance.

Kampong Cham is mostly an agricultural province. Residents usually make a living from farming or fishing. The province is an important producer of rubber, cashew nuts, and rice. It also has an abundance of fruit orchards brimming with mangosteen, lychee, durian, and rambutan. Except for the capital, most of the province is quiet and has a laid-back atmosphere. The streets are clean, traffic jams are non-existent, and there is less pollution compared to Phnom Penh and other urban areas.

Kampong Cham’s business environment is Cambodia’s best. Kampong Cham has recently been awarded Cambodia’s #1 provincial ranking for its pro-business environment in terms of the lowest entry costs; most secure property rights; most transparent polices and regulations; lowest time of regulatory compliance and highest private sector participation in policy. In addition, the large, young, educated and inexpensive labour is another advantage to support its business development in the long term.

Kampong Cham province is located in south-eastern Cambodia and is part of the lower Plains of the Mekong River, Southeast Asia's mother river, which runs through the province. There is a thriving fishing industry along the Mekong River, and local fishermen earn a good income from fishing. The east bank of the Mekong River has the largest rubber plantation in China. it also produces rice, corn, banana, tobacco, jute, sugarcane and locust orchid, etc. Upland abounds lumber, have the factory such as rubber, cloth, press oil.

Because Cambodia lacks a foundation for industrial development, agriculture has become the backbone of the national economy. In an effort to entice foreign investment, the province is offering generous business concessions to those who wish to invest in rubber plantations inside the country. Kampong Cham and Kratie have an abundance of red soil and water resources, which create ideal conditions for the cultivation of rubber. The rubber industry plays an important role in agriculture, accounting for 90% of rubber production. There are no typhoons and its tropical climate make Kampong Cham an ideal rubber plantation. The rubber industry of Kampong Cham is not only important to Cambodia, but also important in the world because of its wide range of uses, such as making tires, cables and even various daily necessities.

Additionally, there is potential in tourism with many cultural and historical sites, natural forests, sand beaches, mountain and waterfalls along the Mekong River.

The population in Kampong Cham is especially unique to Cambodia. Whereas most of the country is ethnically Khmer and Buddhist, there is a large portion of Muslims and Christians in Kampong Chan alongside citizens with ethnic Chinese backgrounds. This means that you have a chance to experience a Cambodian melting pot with a variety of religious centers and even better, a variety of food!

Outside of the national capital, Kampong Cham is Cambodia’s most populous province with 1.8 million people. With almost 60% of the population under the age of 25, our workforce is young, enthusiastic and educated. The population is comprised of 80% farmers, 1% craftsmen, 14 % service providers and 5% engaged in other businesses.

However, Provincial literacy and secondary school enrolment rates are well positioned nationally, with 425,000 students attending Kampong Cham’s 763 primary schools, 86 secondary schools and 40 high schools. Spending on primary education as a share of GDP has increased significantly in Cambodia in recent years, and is now on a par with Thailand. Kampong Cham is no exception to this. The government plans to continue increasing education spending.

Things To Do in Kampong Cham

You can visit the local market, Kampong Cham market has a gaudy look similar to that of the Central Market in Phnom Penh, and it has a complete supply of just about anything that you may need. A night market springs up on the western side in the evening. There are plenty of photo shops and pharmacies on the perimeter roads.

Although this market doesn’t seem to have an official or unique name, it is certainly easy to find. Head to the Mekong Crossing Restaurant and across the street, you’ll notice a collection of stalls and lots of people buying and selling goods with high energy.

This market is as authentic as it gets in Cambodia. There are no tourist-aimed gimmicks or goods. Instead, this is the place where locals come to buy their produce, meat, and spices, along with clothing, hardware, and toys.

You can buy local organic fruits such as mango and dragon fruit here. They also offer dried seafood like squid and shrimp- ask for a sample! A few items that may surprise you is whole pigs’ heads that have been pinned to smile and live buckets of sea life such as splashing fish and frogs. Just go with it.

There are so many places waiting for you to explore in Kampong Cham, it brings you a traditional Cambodian lifestyle blending the rural, the river and the city.

One of the most famous sites in Kampong Cham was bamboo bridge, connecting the mainland to a Mekong River island called Koh Paen. Previously the longest bamboo bridge in the world at 1km long, it could amazingly carry large trucks as well as the numerous cars, motorcycles and bicycles that crossed it every year.

Of course, you will not miss the Wat Nokor which is on the edge of the city, part of the ancient Banteay Prey Nokor temple complex. This is the location where it is believed King Jayavarman VII used as his headquarters for a significant period of time to exert his influence over other local regions. Unlike many other temple complexes in Cambodia, which are usually constructed using brick or red sandstone, Wat Nokor is built from black sandstone. The central tower of the temple depicts a number of scenes from Buddhist teachings.

Another iconic sights in Kampong Cham is the French Colonial Watchtower on the banks of the Mekong. It was built in the 1900s to guard the river, as Kampong Cham was an important trading port for the French at this time. It looks magical on the riverbank and reminds visitors of a former era. It’s possible to climb the very steep staircase to catch the views from the top, from which Kampong Cham city and the Kazuna bridge are both visible.

In addition, try not to forget the 1,500-meter Kizuna Bridge which is across the Mekong River. It is the longest Bridge in Cambodia. Before the 1,900-meter Thai-Cambodian Bridge was completed in 2002 in Koh Kung Province, the Kizuna Bridge was the longest Bridge in Cambodia, spanning 1,500 meters across the Mekong River.The bridge, which connects eastern and western Cambodia, was built with Japanese funding and opened in 2001.

Kampong Cham is a rural and agricultural province, so much of what you find in the shops and restaurants has been sourced locally. This ranges from jackfruit to delectable fish from the Mekong River. Sugar cane is also locally produced, and fresh sugar cane juice is sold from small carts on almost every street in the city.

Kampong Cham is not your typical gastronomic paradise. Nevertheless, a unique, sumptuous dining experience is not hard to find there. Despite the popular street food-insect, Kampong Cham hosts restaurants and eateries offering a mixture of Khmer, Western, and Asian cuisine along the riverfront. One of these is SMILE Café, which is run by a local NGO and helps train orphans and vulnerable young people in hospitality skills. Lazy Mekong Daze nearby serves great Mekong fish, for those who want to try the local foodstuffs. A number of food and drink stands also set up along the riverside during the evening for those who want an informal meal.

You can also enjoy low key Khmer food which can be found at Hao An or Spien Thmei Restaurant.

If you love coffee, you should stop off at Destiny Coffee House, which is also run by an NGO working with vulnerable young people. And for those adventurous foodies, suggested to visit the town of Skun in Kampong Cham Province. The food speciality of this town is deep fried tarantula.

In the early evening, food and drink stalls set up shop along the river front offering a great place to stop and enjoy the views of the Mekong. Trees line the side of the road and at sunset these stalls offer a really picturesque place to have a ludicrously cheap beer and chat to some locals. Trees line the side of the road, making it a great place to pitch up a hammock, crack open a bottle of Angkor beer, and strike up a conversation with any of the motodop drivers who will congregate here. Beers are 2,000 riels a pop, and any of the stands will stay open as late as you want to sell drinks to you. All the Western restaurants on the river front also serve beer and often cocktails, have happy hours, and often offer discounts.

Of course, you can explore the best nightclubs and bars in Kampong Cham, such as Gold Club, Asian KTV, Phnom Bros Karaoke, Check Sound Karaoke, Ms Ktv, Kravan Loung Pub and so on. Although, for such a large town, Kompong Cham is not really a nightlife centre. Restaurants on the riverfront double as bars by night and Cambodians flock to the night market for drinks and snacks. Otherwise, it's all about karaoke in Kompong Cham.

Kampong Cham is about 123 kilometers away from the capital Phnom Penh and is connected by two main roads -- National Road 6 and National Road 7. Several bus companies operate daily service between Kampong Cham and Phnom Penh, including Capitol Bus, Giant Ibis, Giant Ibis, and Sorya Bus. Bus fares from Phnom Penh to Kampong Cham typically between $5 and $7 and typically take two to three hours.In addition to buses, minibuses and minivans ply the route between Phnom Penh and Kampong Cham. Taxis are also available, but fares are expensive, ranging from $60 to $100 one-way, and carpooling is slightly cheaper. You can walk or ride a bike around Kampong Cham, where bikes and motorcycles are available at regular rental shops, hotels and hotels, or take a tuk tuk, starting at $2.

Bicycle is probably the most relaxed way to get around. As everywhere is flat and closely located this is a good and cheap way to discover the area. Especially on Koh Pen a bicycle is good way of transportation. Daily costs should be around 2-3$.

You can choose motorbike when Less traffic as it is unexperienced. The streets are all in good condition and as everything is close there is no need for a long ride. Bikes can be rent at 5$ a day.

Tuktuk is regarded as another popular travel tool can be rented for a full day. You also can choose to discover the places by foot. Especially the lighthouse can easily be reached by foot by crossing the bridge.

Just in case you want to travel a bit further, the bus will be better option, there are about 7 to 8 shuttle buses between Phnom Penh and Kampong Cham every day, which takes about 2 hours by car and costs 8,000 R. of course, you can also choose the ship, there are ferries on the Mekong River between Phnom Penh and Kampong Cham, which take about 2.5 hours and cost 20000 R.

The Cham population in Kampong Cham is the largest minority group in the province, however, with the development of Kampong Cham, it attracts more and more expats from all over the world, especially those from China, Vietnam and western countries.

There is a large portion of Muslims and Christians in Kampong Cham alongside citizens with ethnic Chinese backgrounds. Many ethnic Vietnamese have been living in the country for decades, but lack identification papers. A national census of foreigners living in the country that began in 2014 has targeted ethnic Vietnamese for identification checks.

However, neither the Ministry of Foreign Affairs nor other government agencies have given any hard data of expats, and due to the increase of foreign investment and statistics surrounding occupancy of condominiums and new developments, it can be safely said that this figure is rising.

Explore the Area

Kampong Cham is located in eastern Cambodia, 124 km from Phnom Penh on National Road No. 6A and No. 7. The eastern part of the province shares a border with Kratie and Vietnam, western part borders Kampong Chhnang and Kandal, the northern part Kampong Thom and the southern part with Prey Veng, Kandal and Vietnam again. The province has143 km of international border with Vietnam and two districts containing those borders; Memot and Poghnea Krek Districts.

Kampong Cham province is primarily lowlands. The main river is the Mekong River which forms the eastern border of the province, separating it from Tbong Khmum province. Kampong Cham province is divided into 16 districts, 173 townships and 1,748 villages.

Kampong Cham city is southeast of Cambodia, the capital of Kampong Cham Province. It is located in central Kompong Cham province, west Mekong River, 72 kilometers southwest to Phnom Penh. Kampong Cham is located at 11.59.32 degrees north latitude and 105.27 degrees east longitude, 124 kilometers northeast of Phnom Penh.

Kompong Cham province, located along the Mekong River, is home to the world's longest bamboo bridge. In the 10th century, the province was surrounded by a Brahmin temple called Nokaur. Kompong Cham is regarded as the local land and water transport hub. Kampong Cham province is somewhat of an intersection on Cambodia. Kampong Cham province is a frequent stop for those who are going to Mondokili, Ratanakiri, Sheung Tin and Kaya Jing provinces.

Real Estate in Kampong Cham

Khans in Kampong Cham

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