In the Kingdom, traditionally there are three major classifications of land titling namely hard title, soft title, and strata title. Each different title confers different rights and securities to landowners. Now there is another land title known as the LMAP title- which is the strongest form of land title in Cambodia.
Last week in part 1 we examined what an LMAP title is and the benefits for landowners in obtaining one. This week in part 2 we will take a brief look at the issuing of LMAP, associated fees and the status of the LMAP titling throughout the nation thanks to Realestate.com.kh.
Issuing LMAP titles and associated fees:
In general, the issuing of LMAP title is the responsibility of the Ministry of Land Management Urban Planning and Construction (MLMUPC) with no specific service fee to be charged for the LMAP title itself. However, if you apply for LMAP, you will still have to pay the transfer tax which is generally around 4%, that is applied when obtaining a property title.
If you are interested in learning more about land titles and how they subsequently work, please check out our article: land title transfer process in Cambodia
In addition, if you are required to pay property tax, or other taxes (which is dependent on the area your land is in), for example- annual property tax, you need to pay all those taxes before the LMAP title can be issued.
LMAP title availability:
Another major factor to consider is that the LMAP titling process is yet to be completed throughout the entire country by the MLMUPC. This process involves GPS coordinates being ascribed to every land plot in the country, with the result being a cadastral index map showing land boundaries and land registration data. At present, it is estimated that 80% of LMAP titling of land plots has been completed.
This gives rise to three possible scenarios;
- Firstly, if the MLMUPC is presently undergoing the necessary LMAP titling process in your village or area where you live in, this means you only need to follow what your local authority informs you to do once the project is completed. It is their obligation to communicate with you.
- Secondly, if LMAP titling has already been completed in the area that your land resides in, and you have not applied for the title- do not worry, this can always be applied for a later date.
- Finally, if the area your land resides in hasn't been subject to the LMAP titling process by the government, unfortunately, you cannot apply for an LMAP title. However, you can apply for a hard title in the meantime. This is the strongest form of land title, after LMAP and will still give you legally enforceable rights over your land.
Look out for part 3 next week where we take a step by step breakdown of the actual application process for the obtaining your LMAP title and all the documents you will need.